TMJ Study and Investigation Page. One year of publication

Dear friends,

At December 2014 I started the Project TMJ Study and Investigation Page. At first, all its content was offered in three languages: Portuguese, English and Spanish. Due to the analysis of the webpage access statistics, at March 2015 I decided to offer the content solely in Portuguese and English.

Nowadays, the medicine based on evidence is hierarchically stratified from top to bottom where in the base of the pyramid we find the clinic cases, which are rarely seen as evidence. The TMJ Study and Investigation Page had, in its conception, the purpose of posting the clinic cases, which were carefully published with the documentation related to each of the patients treated at Clínica MY with pain complaints, dysfunction and TMJ pathology.

INITIAL

The proposition was of presenting these clinic cases and concepts in order share them, offering free access to the content along images, surface electromyographies, computerized kinesiography, scanned before and after the therapeutic process. Cases of tridimentional orthodontics and neurophisiologic reabilitation of the second phase of treatment, after the TMJ treatment, were also included.

site em portugues nova ingles

The TMJ Study and Investigation Page is completing, in this month of December, one year since it started, and I want to celebrate its anniversary with you. With this project, we have a place in the Internet that presents a line of work known as neurophysiologic dentistry, which takes into account the whole body system. It is an area that also operates regarding the posture and the mandibular functioning. In order to do that, the physiologic dentistry aims to establish, in the patient, a position that is based on a harmonious relation between the muscles, the teeth, and the temporolandibular joints.

site em ingles novaIn the publication of the end of this year I have chosen the most significant images of the whole year of publications, with their direct links to each one of the originals publications.

31

Joint Decompression in a Neurophysiological Mandibular Rest Position Promotes a Positive Remodeling in a Degenerative Process of a Teenager Temporomandibular Joint

english 1-1

Anatomy is the platform on which physiology functions

Sem Título-1

Structural modifications of the mandibular condylar process as one of the sequels of traumatism in infancy.

26

Articular discs recapture with mandibular neurophysiological repositioning

26

Cervical Dystonia or Spasmodic Torticollis: Positive evolution after Neurophysiological Treatment

2

Recapture of articular disc displacement with reduction. Recapture or not recapture that is the question.

17 COLUNA E PERFIL COMP

Inter relation of Craniomandibular disorders and vertebral spine. Case report

24

Tridimensional Orthodontics in the Second Phase of TMJ Pathologies

FINAL

Neurophysiological Combined Orthodontics and Rehabilitation: patient with degenerative conditions in several body joints

FINAL

TMJ Pathologies Treatment: first and second phase (tridimensional orthodontics) in a hypermobile joint patient with low signal in the head of the mandible bone marrow. Case report.

33

Articular Disc Recapture: patient with significant mandibular heads asymmetry and unilateral reducible luxation. Case report

Sem Título-1

Osteonecrosis of the Mandibular Head: recovery of condylar bone marrow alteration

6 BASAL ANTES E APOS O DEM

TMJ ( temporomandibular joint) Pathologies: Patient with severe pain in the region of the face, neck and temporomandibular joint. First and second phase.

18 comparativas

Patient with Ankylosing Spondylitis and non inflammatory TMJ pathology

15 3D comparativas

Mandible Condyle Fracture Consolidation by Neurophysiological Alignment of the Segments, Four Months after Unsuccessful Surgery. Case report

37 poster

The importance of Mandibular Rest Position by Electronic Deprogramming in the Treatment of Temporomandibular Joint Pathologies, Orthodontic Diagnosis and Oral Rehabilitation. Case report.

41 RNM AFTER TREATMENT cor

TMJ Pathologies in Children and Teenagers the Overlooked Diagnosis

evento 4

Training in Diagnosis and Treatment of TMJ Pathologies

31

The Postural Position of the Mandible and its Complexity in the Maxillomandibular Tridimensional Relation: first and second phase in a patient with severe symptoms with subtle information on the images.

e images.

26B LATERAIS COMPARATIVAS LINHA

The Tridimensional Neurophysiological Position of the Mandible in Implant Prosthesis Protocol

I want to thank my family that is always at my side in each one of the projects, I also want to thank my friends, that from Brazil and from many places of the world, supported and support this project. Last, but not least, I want to thank my colleagues and patients that often write, encouraging and thanking the existence of this virtual place.

By closing, in this moment, the annual analysis and the perspective for the year that follows, I therefore thank the readers of all places in the world that follow the TMJ Study and Investigation Page. It is a privilege to count with your visits.

With the best votes for 2016, and wishing for a year of peace, health, love and happiness for all.

Dr. Lidia Yavich

 

Inter relation of Craniomandibular disorders and vertebral spine. Case report

Understanding the complex inter relation of Craniomandibular disorders require a wide comprehension not only on anatomy and physiology of head and neck, but also of the vertebral spine.

The cervical spine is the flexible link between the head and the trunk.

1 FOTO

The patient consults in the clinic with strong complaints of: Ache in the top of the head, frontal ache, pain in the back of the head, scalp ache, pain in the eyebrow zone, ache behind the eyes, shoulder ache.

2 FOTO

Cervical pain, numbness and tingling in the hands and fingers. Pain in both TMJ (temporomandibular joints)

Dizziness, blocked ears sensation.

Ringing ears

3 FOTO

Constant difficult to open the mouth

Difficult for mastication

Bruxism.

When she was 4 years old she had a car accident and was thrown out of the vehicle.

SHE RELATES INTENSE HEADACHE SINCE INFANCY.

4 A DENTES

The patient relates that when she was fourteen years old she had “maxillary cists” and many teeth where extracted

She began to break frontal teeth when she was twenty years old. Prostheses where constructed but the sensation was that anything fixed.

5 DENTES

She continued with headache.

4 B ELECTRO HABITUAL 1 CORTADA

Surface electromyography, dynamic record in habitual occlusion. In this protocol we ask to the patient to open the mouth, to close, bite strong and swallow. In this electromyographic record we measure 8 muscles: Right and left anterior temporalis, right and left masseters, right and left superior trapezius and right and left digastrics. We observe very low activity of the superficial temporalis right and left and an almost absence of activity in both masseters. Both digastrics show activity when the patient is biting, what is not physiologic because the digastrics are muscles that work in mouth opening and NOT in mouth closing.

6 PANORAMICA

In the radiographic exam we observe the absence of dental elements 16, 15,22,26,27,38,36,46 and 47. Other dental permanent elements are present

The panoramic radiograph shows the asymmetry of the corps and the ramus of the mandible

7 LAMINOGRAFIA

TMJ laminography of the patient before treatment in habitual occlusion and opening. Asymmetry of the articular cavities. Important asymmetry of the mandibular heads.

7 LAMINOGRAFIA COR

Significant flattening of the anterior surface of the articular process in the left side. Anterior angulation of the articular process of the right side and flattening of the posterior and anterior surfaces.

Structural modifications of the mandibular condylar process as one of the sequels of traumatism in infancy http://www.craniomaxillary.com

8 CERVICAL INICIAL CRISTIANE KELLY

The cervical spine is the flexible link between the head and the trunk.

The cervical spine gives sustainability to the cranium and guarantees the movement. Any dysfunction of this balance can provoke pain.

REMEMBER WHEN PATIENT WAS FOUR YEARS OLD SHE HAD A CAR ACCIDENT AND WAS THROWN OUT OF THE VEHICLE.

An often overlooked result of sudden hyperextension or hyperflexion of the cervical muscles is the trauma to the intra-articular structures of the temporomandibular joint. The damage is caused by force acting on connecting structures of different mass and weight. The difference in velocity between cranium and mandible which is in a muscle ligamentous sling during hyperflexion or hyperextension can cause stretching, tearing or overt detachment of the posterior and lateral ligaments of the temporomandibular joint. This factor, in itself, can cause anterior and medial displacement of the articular disc.

8 CERVICAL INICIAL CRISTIANE KELLY

Loss of the physiologic cervical lordoses of the patient, inter-vertebral spaces diminishing, increase of the space between the posterior arc of the atlas and the occipital

9 FRONTAL-1

Frontal radiograph of the patient in habitual occlusion. ROCABADO (1984) refers that the ideal position for the head in space depends on three planes: bipupilar plane, otic plane and occlusal transverse plane. These three planes keep a horizontal and parallel relation that assures postural stability for the cranium. Is evident that this premises are not present in this patient.

10 RESSONANCIA DIR E ESQU

One of the slices of the MRI in closed mouth shows a small disc with and anterior displacement on the right side. In the open slice of the RNM (not included in this post) the disc is not recaptured on the right side.

Significant flattening of the anterior surface of the articular process in the left side.

Anterior angulation of the articular process of the right side and flattening of the posterior and anterior surfaces. Structural modifications of the mandibular condylar process as one of the sequels of traumatism in infancy www.craniomaxillary.com

11 BITE

Her masticatory muscles were electronically deprogrammed with an electronic mandibular deprogrammer.

A jaw tracker then registered a neurophysiologic position from where an intraoral appliance was constructed and tested with SEMG (Surface Electromyography)

We consider not only the jaw tracker information after the electronic deprogramming but fundamentally the information of the MRI for the decision of the bite record for the tridimensional construction of the intraoral device.  For this we use the neurophysiologic technique of Dr. Learreta.

The patient presents a pathological free way space of 9,2 mm and a mandibular retro position of 5,2 mm.

12  B DENTES-1ORTOSE

With this data we construct an intraoral device tested electromiographically to support the new neurophysiological occlusion

12 B ELECTRO com DIO 1 CORT

Dynamic Surface electromyography record wearing the DIO (Intra Oral Device) constructed in neurophysiologic position. In this protocol we ask to the patient to open the mouth, to close, to bite strong and swallow WITH THE DEVICE IN THE MOUTH

In this electromyographic record we measure 8 muscles: Right and left anterior temporalis, right and left masseters, right and left superior trapezius and right and left digastrics. We observe the activity in both superficial temporalis and in both masseters and the reduction of the digastrics activity when the patient is biting.

Even is not an ideal record when we compare with the initial record in habitual occlusion shows the progress of the treatment, in the first record the patient could not activate her masseters. This shows a strong tool in the control of the treatment.

13 A LAMINOGRAFIA COMPARATIVO CRISTIANE KELLY

Patient´s comparative laminographies: initial in habitual occlusion where we can observe the retro position of the mandibular heads and with the intraoral device in neurophysiological position with a tridimensional decompression of the retrodiscal space.

13 B electros comparativas

Patient’s electromyographic records comparison (A) in habitual occlusion and (B) with the device in neurophysiological position.

14 FOTO COMPARATIVA FRONTAL

Patient’s frontal postural image in habitual occlusion and with the device in neurophysiological position. Tridimensional recovery of the vertical dimension. Improvement of the head and shoulder posture.

15 CERVICAL COMPARATIVO CRISTIANE KELLY

As the occlusal vertical dimension is amended IN BALANCE WITH MASTICATORY MUSCLES AND TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINTS, a significant change in the cervical posture happens that need to be evaluated and follow by trained professionals in this area

16 FOTO COMPARATIVA PERFIL

Patient’s postural lateral imagesin habitual occlusion and with the device in neurophysiological position. Tridimensional recovery of the vertical dimension. Improvement of the head and shoulder posture.

17 COLUNA E PERFIL COMP

Postural lateral images and lateral radiographs and cervical spine in habitual occlusion comparison with the device in neurophysiological position. IMPROVEMENT OF THE CERVICAL SPINE.
 As the occlusal vertical dimension is amended in balance with masticatory muscles and temporomandibular joints, a significant change in the cervical posture happens that need to be evaluated and follow by trained professionals in this area.

DEPOIMENTO

I searched for the Clinicamy to calm down my pain. The headache began since childhood. Nothing was ever found, a lot of exams, medications and no results.

Approximately with 14 or 15 years old I had cists in the mouth and loose some teeth. Before that, with 4 years old I had a car accident and I was thrown out of the vehicle.

Probably then everything began. Because I grinded my teeth ( I didn´t perceive that) I began to lose other teeth.

DEPOIMENTO 2

Pain increased, pressure in the neck and head, spine, and knees. Misalignment of the spine with dehydration of the vertebral discs, arthrosis signals in C4-C5, C5-C6, e C6-C7. I was recommended by my dentist Dr João de Souza to search an alternative for my pain, at that time he was wearing a DIO for the treatment of a TMJ dysfunction with Dr. Lidia Yavich.

In that time he didn´t treat TMJ Pathologies, today he studied how to treat cases like mine.

That was the salvation for my pain. The treatment propitiated a better quality of life.

In this moment when muscles, temporomandibular joints and occlusion are in balance, the patient will initiate a neurophysiological rehabilitation treatment with implants and prostheses.