Recapturing the Articular Disc or Repositioning the Mandibular Condyle? What about Rethinking the Concept as the Recovery of the Physiological Relationship of the Head of the Mandible with the Articular Disc. Patients with a long history of pain. Case series. First Section.

Recapture the articular disc, repositioning the mandibular condyle?

What about rethinking the concept as the recovery of the physiological relationship of the mandible head with the articular disc ,WHEN IT IS POSSIBLE.

And when is it not possible? What is the differential diagnosis? WHAT CAN WE OFFER TO OUR PATIENTS?

What type of orthotic or intraoral device to use? What is the purpose of an orthotic  in a TMJ Pathology treatment? Repositioning the jaw, recapturing the articular discs? Is this always possible? DEPEND ON THE DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS!

Does it have changes in the articular structures of the temporomandibular joint?

Does it have distortions in the horizontal, vertical and transverse posture of the craniomandibular complex?

How are the bones?

How’s the cartilage?

How’s the articular disk?

How are the muscles in this system?

How is the cervical spine in relation to the whole system?

How is the relation of the vertebral column with the other parts of the system?

The teeth, the two temporomandibular joints and the postural musculature are parts of the same bone, the mandible. They are deeply interrelated and interdependent in growth, form, and function. An abnormality in one, profoundly affects the others.

1 frente

A 30-year-old female patient presents at the clinic with a history of headache, pain in the forehead, pain and stiffness in the nape of the neck, left eyebrow pain, pain behind the right eye, and pain in the right shoulder. The patient reports TMJ pain (temporomandibular joint) on the right side.

The patient reports bilateral crackling, non-specific facial pain, and muscle tremor, difficulty opening the mouth, difficulty in chewing and mandibular locking.

Summary report written by the patient:

I do not remember a sudden drop where there might have been some kind of injury.
At 6 years of age I was a gymnast. I always had falls, front, back and head. But there were protections on the floor.

Near 8 years old, I extract a molar from the lower left side. I think that from this I have always forced more chewing on the right side.

At approximately 13/14 years of age, I remember starting the cracks on the right side. On this side I had a cross bite and a deciduous canine that “bit” behind the lower tooth.

At this stage, the crackling became more frequent, causing a bit of difficulty to fully open the mouth.  When trying to open the mouth without the snap, the opening becomes smaller than after the click. That is, if I do not play with the jaw, the mouth does not open completely.

In 2004 I had the first “lockup”. I remember being in winter and cold. I tried to do the “game” of the jaw and I could not open the mouth. Then I forced myself to open my mouth and I felt a strong crack, followed by pain in the ear / nose. The impression was that it had displaced some bone / nerve.

From this episode, whenever I force more the region, the locking happens. Ex: when I eat meats, candy, peanuts. Things that I need to force when chewing.

In 2008 I put orthodontic appliance to make the corrections. In the treatment, I made a process of spacing the teeth, with a device in the roof of the mouth to open the arch. I kept my teeth apart for a while.

After finishing the treatment, corrected the teeth, the clicks returned lighter. Approximately 1 year later, the locking returned as well. I started with headaches and cervical pain. I felt slight tingling in the head.

In 2015 I started to hear some kind of “sand” on the left side. Then I got pregnant and in this period began the crackling also on the left side. In February 2017 I had the first “lock” on the left side.

Now when I feel the locking, I try to relax the muscles well, leaving the jaw loose for a few minutes. Sometimes it returns to normal anyway, other times I have to force it with the opening of the mouth, causing a strong crack.

2 foto inicial perfil

Current information:

When I close my mouth, I feel my jaw line back slightly, to “marry” the bite. To keep my mouth “loose” and comfortable, I have to snap both sides, and let the jaw loose.

When I try to open my mouth without the snaps, the opening becomes smaller than after the click. That is, if I do not play with the jaw, the mouth does not open completely.

Crashes usually occur:

– Yawning;

– In the morning (awake with the jaw locked);

– Eating meats.

2 tomo

CT: Part of the initial study of the patient sent before the consultation requested by another professional.

Anamnesis and clinical examination are a key part in the diagnosis of patients with TMJ pathology.

Computed tomography is an excellent image, but when we treat a synovial joint in a patient with TMJ pathologies, CT does NOT PROVIDE THE INFORMATION OF THE SOFT TISSUES.

Magnetic Nuclear Resonance (NMR) can give a lot of information and not just the position of the disk. It is essential to have the knowledge to KNOW WHAT TO DO WITH THIS INFORMATION.

We cannot treat a patient with mandible head necrosis or with medullary edema or arthrosis or rheumatoid arthritis or lupus in the same way that we treat another patient with only a wrong position of the jaw.

The temporomandibular joints of all these patients need to be decompressed, but that is only part of the problem.

3 dentes inicHabitual occlusion of the patient on the day of the consultation.

4 oclusaisUpper and lower occlusal views of the patient prior to treatment.

Orthodontic treatment contention wire is observed between the right and left lower canines.

5 panoramica

Initial panoramic radiograph of the patient before treatment.

Orthodontic treatment contention wire is observed between the right and left lower canines.

6 laminografia

The laminography of the temporomandibular joints shows a modification of the growth axis of the mandibular condyles in both the left and right caused by a traumatism in the early childhood, (fracture in green stick).

Retro position of both mandibular heads in the articular fossae.

TMJ laminography in habitual occlusion and open mouth.

cicatriz do queixoThree-dimensional asymmetries in the head of the condyle may have been caused by different etiologies and cause morphofunctional pathologies.

Changes in the orientation of the mandible head occur in patients who have suffered blows in the chin region, either anteroposterior, vertical or lateral. We can observe in these cases a deformation of the head of the mandible in the form of curvature, with an anterior concavity, which in some cases may be so important which produces a compression of the retrodiscal region, causing severe symptoms.

7 frontal

Frontal radiography of the patient in habitual occlusion before treatment.

Orthodontic treatment contention wire is observed between the right and left lower canines.

8 teleperfil

Lateral radiograph of the patient in habitual occlusion before treatment.

9 c 7Lateral and cervical radiograph of the patient in habitual occlusion before treatment. Note the loss of cervical lordosis and rectification of the cervical spine.

16 rnm inicial 1

MRI: sagittal slices of the left TMJ in the closed mouth before treatment. There is an anteroversion of the mandibular condyle. The mandibular head is in retro position.

The articular disc is displaced anteriorly, with reduction in maneuvers in open mouth.

Important retrodiscal compression.

17 rnm inicial 2

MRI: sagittal slices of the left TMJ in the closed mouth before treatment. There is an anteroversion of the mandibular condyle. The mandibular head is in retro position.

The articular disc is displaced anteriorly, with reduction in maneuvers in open mouth.

Important retrodiscal compression.

19 rnm inicial4

MRI: sagittal slices of the right TMJ in the closed mouth before treatment. There is an anteroversion of the mandibular condyle. The mandibular head is in retro position.

The articular disc is displaced anteriorly, with reduction in maneuvers in open mouth.

Important retrodiscal compression.

20 rnm dir inicial5

MRI: sagittal slices of the right TMJ in the closed mouth before treatment. There is an anteroversion of the mandibular condyle. The mandibular head is in retro position.

The articular disc is displaced anteriorly, with reduction in maneuvers in open mouth.

Important retrodiscal compression.

21 rnm inicial 6

MRI: sagittal slices of the right TMJ in the closed mouth before treatment. There is an anteroversion of the mandibular condyle. The mandibular head is in retro position.

The articular disc is displaced anteriorly, with reduction in maneuvers in open mouth.

Important retrodiscal compression.

22 frontal rnm inicial 7MRI: frontal slices of the right and the left temporomandibular joints, closed mouth in habitual occlusion before treatment.

The frontal slice of the right and left temporomandibular joint evidences a severe loss of joint space.

24 atm aberta24a eletromiografia dinãmica habitual rolos de algodão

Dynamic electromyography record of the patient in habitual occlusion and with cotton rolls on the right side (second column), left side (third column) and both right and left sides (fourth column).

Note the improvement in recruitment of motor units in the fourth column.

25 registro cineciografico inicial

Patient’s initial record for the construction of the DIO ( intraoral device)

To correctly evaluate the Maxilomandibular relationship we should begin to consider the physiological rest mandible position.

Physiological rest is a concept applicable to all the muscles of the body.

The stomatognathic musculature is no exception.

The patient’s masticatory muscles were deprogrammed electronically and a new physiological neuromuscular position at rest was recorded.

The patient has in this first record a pathological free space of 6,4 mm. 

The patient also presented a 0.4 mm  of mandibular retro position.

26 recalibraÇÃo da orteseRecalibration of the physiological neuromuscular position of the DIO (intraoral device)

In the first phase the intraoral devices are recalibrated and / or changed according to each specific case as the jaw, muscles and TMJ improve.

28 ortoseOcclusion of the patient with the DIO (intraoral device)

With the record obtained with the jaw tracker an intraoral device (DIO) was made to reposition the mandible three-dimensionally.

The PHYSIOLOGICAL NEUROMUSCULAR position was recorded in the form of an occlusal bite record, which was later used to make a DIO (intraoral device)

In the first phase the intraoral devices are recalibrated and / or changed according to each specific case as the jaw, muscles and TMJ improve.

29 controle da orteseAnother cinecigraphic record to control the DIO (intraoral device) in a physiological neuromuscular position as the device is changed or recalibrated.

The patient did not report any more symptomatology. The electromyography and kinesiography records objectively showed improvement of the neuromuscular function.

I asked for the second MRI (nuclear magnetic resonance) to objectively evaluate the physiological relationship between the mandibular condyles and the articular disc.

35 rnm comparativas 1RNM: Comparison of the sagittal slice of the left TMJ, closed mouth, before the physiological neuromuscular treatment, and of the same left TMJ, closed mouth, after the FIRST PHASE of the treatment.

Recovery of the physiological relation of the head of the mandible with the articular disc.

35b rnm comparativas 1RNM: Comparison of the sagittal slice of the left TMJ, closed mouth, before the physiological neuromuscular treatment, and of the same left TMJ, closed mouth, after the FIRST PHASE of the treatment.

Recovery of the physiological relation of the head of the mandible with the articular disc.

36 rnm comparativas 2RNM: Comparison of the sagittal slice of the left TMJ, closed mouth, before the physiological neuromuscular treatment, and of the same left TMJ, closed mouth, after the FIRST PHASE of the treatment.

Recovery of the physiological relation of the head of the mandible with the articular disc.

38 rnm comparativas 4RNM: Comparison of the sagittal slice of the left TMJ, closed mouth, before the physiological neuromuscular treatment, and of the same left TMJ, closed mouth, after the FIRST PHASE of the treatment.

Recovery of the physiological relation of the head of the mandible with the articular disc.

39 rnm comparativas 5

RNM: Comparison of the sagittal slice of the rigt TMJ, closed mouth, before the physiological neuromuscular treatment, and of the same right TMJ, closed mouth, after the FIRST PHASE of the treatment.

Recovery of the physiological relation of the head of the mandible with the articular disc.

40 rnm comparativas 6RNM: Comparison of the sagittal slice of the rigt TMJ, closed mouth, before the physiological neuromuscular treatment, and of the same right TMJ, closed mouth, after the FIRST PHASE of the treatment.

Recovery of the physiological relation of the head of the mandible with the articular disc.

41 rnm comparativas7RNM: Comparison of the sagittal slice of the rigt TMJ, closed mouth, before the physiological neuromuscular treatment, and of the same right TMJ, closed mouth, after the FIRST PHASE of the treatment.

Recovery of the physiological relation of the head of the mandible with the articular disc.

42 rnm comparativas 8RNM: Comparison of the sagittal slice of the rigt TMJ, closed mouth, before the physiological neuromuscular treatment, and of the same right TMJ,  closed mouth, after the FIRST PHASE of the treatment.

Recovery of the physiological relation of the head of the mandible with the articular disc.

43 frontal rnm comparativas 8

RNM: Comparison of the frontal slice of the left TMJ, closed mouth, before the physiological neuromuscular treatment, and of the same left TMJ, closed mouth, after the FIRST PHASE of the treatment.

Recovery of the physiological refrontallation of the head of the mandible with the articular disc.

44 frontal rnm comparativas 8

RNM: Comparison of the frontal slice of the rigt TMJ, closed mouth, before the physiological neuromuscular treatment, and of the same right TMJ, closed mouth, after the FIRST PHASE of the treatment.

Recovery of the physiological refrontallation of the head of the mandible with the articular disc.

45 imagens

The patient did not report any more symptomatology. The comparative MRI showed the recovery of the physiological relationship of the mandible head with the articular disc.

The electromyographic and kinesiographic records objectively showed improvement of the neuromuscular function.

It was decided to start the SECOND PHASE of the treatment to remove the DIO (intraoral device), maintaining the neuromuscular physiological occlusion.

For this we use a three-dimensional orthodontic, where the teeth are erupted to the new physiological neuromuscular position.

46 depoimento 1Patient Testimony:

My first memory of locking joints was at age 15 or so.

I looked for orthodontic specialists; I made the necessary “adjustments”, but the locking and the pain still continued.

I looked for Dr. Lidia now at the age of 30, since other experts told me that only surgery would be possible in my case. And yet, without knowing exactly whether we would succeed.

After starting the first phase of treatment with the device, the pain ceased and never again I had the jaw locking that so frighten me.

47 depoimento 2

I adapted very easily to the treatment, I was and I am being much disciplined with the use of the device.

Now, as Dr. Lidia explained to me, with the discs already in the right place, we will pass for the second phase, for withdrawal of the device.

Today I’m having a routine without worry that I can “lock” at any time.

I’m very grateful to Dr. Lidia.

High Technology in the Diagnosis and Treatment of TMJ Pathologies. 11, 12 and 13 January 2019. Estoril (Lisbon, Portugal)

workshop lisboa 1

The advances in biotechnology have allowed a deeper understanding of the pathologies that affect the temporomandibular joint.

Nuclear magnetic resonance images and biotechnology were transferred to the realm of clinicians, no longer being exclusive to the realm of researchers.

These advances play a key role in conjunction with clinical examination, carefully integrated with the patient’s history and pathophysiology.

Controlling pain is a fundamental goal, but it is also possible today, in certain cases, to regenerate structures.

Cephalometry presupposes that the mandibular heads are in a physiological position and patients do not present any pathology in the temporomandibular joint.

Many of our patients looking for correction of a malocclusion, or a prosthetic rehabilitation, present noises in their TMJ, facets and erosions in their images and pain in the retrodiscal palpation.

Hard tissue injuries as a result of early childhood trauma can lead to injuries to the disc and ligaments.

Infections and autoimmune diseases should be considered, since they affect not only the temporomandibular joint but also all the fascial and muscular chains of the human body.

The evaluation of TMJ and the diagnosis of its pathologies should be an inseparable part of our procedures, not only in orthodontics and orthopedics but in all fields of dentistry.

TMJ pathologies and neuromuscular physiology.

Synthetic Program

Images in diagnosis and treatment. Form and function. Lesions in TMJ pathologies.

TMJ pathologies in children and adolescents.

Autoimmune diseases and pathologies of TMJ.

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (MRI). Method of choice in the diagnosis and treatment plan.

Tomography and its correlation with MRI. Comparison of data obtained in both studies, done to the same patient.

Introduction to surface electromyography.

Determination of the vertical dimension by electronic mandibular deprogramming.

DIOSPORT: DENTAL PROTECTORS WITH PERFORMANCE

Sports Medicine: a new promising market.

Oral protectors and their classification. Types, personalization and characterization.

Mouth guard optimized for the increase of the sport performance accomplished with the physiological neuromuscular technique.

Intra-oral devices optimized for non-contact sports.

Relationship between these devices with TMJ, posture and better sports performance.

Reality of a Dental Department inserted in a soccer club.

11,12 and 13 January 2019.

Estoril ( Lisbon, Portugal)

Information:
tmj.portugal@gmail.com

Treatment of TMJ Pathologies: Patient with headache and excessive clenching. Physiological Neuromuscular Rehabilitation. First and second phase. Case Report.

1 frontal inicial rosto

A 32-year-old male patient presents at the clinic with complaints of constant headaches, pain in the jaw and daily pressure on the teeth.
The patient also reports pain in the temporomandibular joints and pain to open the mouth.

2 lateral inicial rosto

The patient also reports bilateral clicks and the sensation of clogged ears.
It also states in its clinical history difficulty in chewing and opening the mouth and inability to control teeth tightening.
The patient reported that he sought various dentists and treatments and that he had previously used “miorelaxant” splints that did not alleviate the referred symptoms.

3 OCLUSÃO 1

Habitual occlusion of the patient on the day of the consultation.
The patient had a deep bite and significant wear on the upper and lower incisors.

4 OCLUSAIS

Upper and lower occlusal views of the patient prior to treatment. Wear on lower and upper incisors.

5 PANORAMICA INICIALInitial panoramic radiograph of the patient before treatment.

Absence of teeth 18, 28, 38, 48.

Horizontal resorption of alveolar ridges.

6 P6 INICIAL

Patient TMJ laminography in habitual occlusion before treatment.

The laminography of the temporomandibular joint shows retroposition of the articular processes in the articular cavities when the mandible is in position of maximum intercuspation
In the mandibular aperture, the presence of osteophytes was observed in both condyles.Flattening of the superior anterior surface of the articular processes and superior posterior of the right articular process.

7 TELE PERFIL INICIAL

Lateral radiograph and patient profile in habitual occlusion before treatment. Rectification of the cervical spine.

8 C7 INICIAL

Lateral and cervical radiograph of the patient in habitual occlusion before treatment. Rectification of the cervical spine.

9 FRONTAL INICIAL

Frontal radiography of the patient in habitual occlusion before treatment.

10 ress1

MRI: sagittal slices of the left closed TMJ before treatment. The mandibular head is in retro position. The joint disc is slightly dislocated.
The articular disc has a reduction in open-mouth maneuvers. Open mouth images not included in this post.

11 ress3

MRI: sagittal slices of the left closed TMJ before treatment. The mandibular head is in retro position. The articular disc is displaced anteriorly, with reduction in maneuvers in open mouth.
Open mouth images not included in this post.

12 b ress

MRI: sagittal slices of the right closed TMJ before treatment. The mandibular head is in retro position. The articular disc is displaced anteriorly, with reduction in maneuvers in open mouth.
Open mouth images not included in this post.

13 ress4

MRI: sagittal slices of the right closed TMJ before treatment. The mandibular head is in retro position. The articular disc is displaced anteriorly, with reduction in maneuvers in open mouth.
Open mouth images not included in this post.

13 cineciog 1

Patient’s initial cineciographic record
Three-dimensional view of the mandibular movement.
The record shows opening and closing and speed when making these moves. The patient shows an opening of more than 50 mm
Note a significant loss of speed in the mandibular closure.

13 eletromiografia inicial

Dynamic electromyographic record in patient’s habitual occlusion before treatment.

Note very little activation of the right and left masseter muscles in maximal intercuspation, indicating to the patient to bite hard without opening his mouth.

The masseter muscles are the most powerful muscles of the stomatognathic system, even more considering a  brachyfacial biotype patient as in this case.

13 REGISTRO

To correctly evaluate the Maxilomandibular relationship we should begin to consider the physiological rest mandible position.

Physiological rest is a concept applicable to all the muscles of the body.

The stomatognathic musculature is no exception.

The patient’s masticatory muscles were deprogrammed electronically and a new physiological neuromuscular position at rest was recorded.

The patient has a pathological free space of 8,2 mm, already discounting the two physiological mm of a healthy free space.

The patient also presented a 2 mm mandibular retro position

13C PRIMEIRA ORTESE LUIS

With these data we constructed a DIO (intraoral device), to maintain the three-dimensional recorded position. This device must be electromyographically tested to objectively measure the patient.

It is logical that the report of the patient’s symptomatology is important, but the surface electromyography shows in an objective way if the muscular function improved, worsened or did not modify.

13A FRONTAL DIO

Frontal radiography of the patient with the DIO (intraoral device) constructed in a physiological neuromuscular position.

13B LATERAL COM DIO

Lateral and cervical radiograph of the patient with the DIO (intraoral device) constructed in a physiological neuromuscular position.

The second MRI is requested after one year on average of the first phase treatment, also during the second phase of the treatment, the patient is monitored, and the device recalibrated or changed according to the controlled data throughout this step.

14 ress comp 1

MRI: comparative sagittal sections of the left TMJ, closed mouth, before and after the Neuromuscular Physiological treatment.
Three-dimensional joint decompression is noted. Primordial objective in this specific case.
Note the best relation between the mandibular head and the articular disc.

15 ress comp 2

MRI: comparative sagittal sections of the left TMJ, closed mouth, before and after the Neuromuscular Physiological treatment.
Three-dimensional joint decompression is noted. Primordial objective in this specific case.
Note the best relation between the mandibular head and the articular disc and the positive remodeling of the mandibular head.

16 ress comp 3

MRI: comparative sagittal sections of the left TMJ, closed mouth, before and after the Neuromuscular Physiological treatment.
Three-dimensional joint decompression is noted. Primordial objective in this specific case.
Note the best relation between the mandibular head and the articular disc and the positive remodeling of the mandibular head.

17 ress comp DIR

MRI: comparative sagittal sections of the right TMJ, closed mouth, before and after the Neuromuscular Physiological treatment.
Three-dimensional joint decompression is noted. Primordial objective in this specific case.
Note the best relation between the mandibular head and the articular disc and the positive remodeling of the mandibular head.

18 ress comp DIR

MRI: comparative sagittal sections of the right TMJ, closed mouth, before and after the Neuromuscular Physiological treatment.
Three-dimensional joint decompression is noted. Primordial objective in this specific case.
Note the best relation between the mandibular head and the articular disc and the positive remodeling of the mandibular head.

19 ress comp DIR

MRI: comparative sagittal sections of the right TMJ, closed mouth, before and after the Neuromuscular Physiological treatment.
Three-dimensional joint decompression is noted. Primordial objective in this specific case.
Note the best relation between the mandibular head and the articular disc and the positive remodeling of the mandibular head.

20 PRIMEIRA ORTESE DA 2 FASE

The patient did not report any more symptomatology related to the TMJ. Bioinstrumentation also objectively showed an improvement in neuromuscular function.

We decided to start the SECOND PHASE of the treatment to remove the DIO (intraoral device), maintaining the physiological neuromuscular occlusion.

For this we used a three-dimensional orthodontics, where the teeth are erupted to the new neurophysiological position.

21 ORTO 1

In the second phase, in this case the three-dimensional orthodontics,the patient is monitored and deprogrammed electronically, and often the device is recalibrated or changed, to maintain the position obtained in the first phase.

Part of the sequence of the second phase (in this specific clinical case).

22 ORTO 2

Part of the sequence of the second phase (in this specific clinical case).

23 ORTO 3

Part of the sequence of the second phase (in this specific clinical case).

24 ORTO 4

Part of the sequence of the second phase (in this specific clinical case).

25 ORTO 5

Part of the sequence of the second phase (in this specific clinical case).

26 orto 6

Part of the sequence of the second phase (in this specific clinical case).

27 orto 7

Part of the sequence of the second phase (in this specific clinical case).

28 ORTO 8

Finalization of the second phase.

29 OCLUSAIS FINAIS

Patient’s upper and lower occlusal view after the finalization of the second phase.

43 oclusoes comparativas

Comparative occlusion of the patient before and after the end of the second phase of the treatment using a three-dimensional orthodontics.

The non-coincidence of the median dental lines may be noted.
The patient’s fundamental alignment is muscle alignment that does not always coincide with tooth alignment. In this case the muscular alignment is respected.

44 oclusoes comparativas

Patient’s comparative superior and inferior occlusal view, before and after, the end of the second phase of the treatment by a three-dimensional orthodontics.

eletromiografia final

Electromyographic record of the patient in physiological neuromuscular position after the completion of three-dimensional orthodontics.

Note the higher recruitment of motor units in the masseter muscles that previously showed little activity.

30 FRONTAL FINAL

Frontal radiography of the patient after the end of the second phase of the treatment.
Patient in physiological neuromuscular occlusion.

31 TELEPERFIL FINAL

Lateral radiograph and patient profile after completion of the second phase of treatment.
Patient in physiological neuromuscular occlusion.

32 C7 FINAL

Lateral and cervical radiography of the patient after the end of the second phase of the treatment.
Patient in physiological neuromuscular occlusion.

33 PANORAMICA FINAL

Panoramic radiograph of the patient after the end of the second phase of the treatment with three-dimensional orthodontics.

34 LAMINOGRAFIA FINAL

Patient TMJ laminography after the completion of three-dimensional orthodontics.
Patient in physiological neuromuscular occlusion.

35 comparativas panoramicas

Comparative panoramic radiographs of the patient: before treatment and after finishing with three-dimensional orthodontics.

36 comparativas laminografias

Patient comparative TMJ laminography: before treatment and after completion with three-dimensional orthodontics.

40 COMPARAÇÃO TELE PERFIL

Comparative lateral and profile radiographs of the patient: before treatment and after finishing with three-dimensional orthodontics.

Take into account that the result corresponds more to a three-dimensional recovery of the vertical dimension and not simply to an anteroposterior modification.
Even a retroposition of the mandibular head is the product of a three-dimensional alteration.

41 COMPARAÇÃO FRONTAIS

Comparative frontal radiographs of the patient: before treatment and after finishing with three-dimensional orthodontics.

42 C7 COMPARATIVAS

Comparative patient lateral and cervical radiographs: before treatment and after completion with three-dimensional orthodontics.

46 DEPOIMENTO 1

At the end of 2012, I attended the Life and Health program on RBS TV and saw a report with Dr. Luis Daniel Yavich Mattos, on the treatment of problems related to TMJ.

Living with constant headaches, jaw pain and daily pressure on the teeth,

I decided to bet on the treatment and I do not regret it.

Since I was 18 years old, I had been suffering from pain in the TMJ region, and what

bothered me was a pressure that made me want to grind my teeth even

day, which I have always identified as bruxism.

I had already sought out various dentists and treatments, with the use of the famous splints to sleep. The diagnosis was always the same: emotional stress was the cause of my teeth and constant pains, although the pains started only after I have extracted my first wisdom.

47 DEPOIMENTO 2

I used to use the plates to sleep during the 24 hours of the day, so the will of biting and grinding teeth. The use of the splints  prevented wear, but the pressure I felt to bite and grind my teeth caused me TMJ fatigue and headaches.

And when I had no more hope emerged, the possibility of doing the treatment with Dr. Luis Daniel and Dr. Lidia Yavich, when I was 32 years old.

With Dr. Luis Daniel they were approximately 1 year and 2 months  using a very high plate, 24 hours a day, including to make meals, which I only took to do the oral hygiene.

The device was called the “big monster,” because of the height. In the end, no longer  pain and without the will of grinding and biting my teeth.

I went on to the second stage of treatment, now with Dr. Lidia Yavich.

48 DEPOIMENTO 3

With Dr. Lidia were approximately 3 years, in which I used fixed dental appliance, with brackets, steel wires, etc., in order to be able to stop using the board 24 hours a day, and improve the aesthetics of my dental arch.

As the treatment progressed, the device was diminished and new splints were used in order of erupting my teeth respecting the TMJ position.

At the end of the treatment, I now use one sleeping device and another one for aesthetic reasons.

I no longer have the willingness to bite and grind teeth, or pain in the TMJ or headaches. I can yawn without worrying about hurting my jaw.

Finally, it was an individualized, artisanal treatment that required time and dedication, and brought excellent results, which is why I am eternally grateful to Dr. Luis Daniel and to Dr. Lidia.

 

TMJ Study and Investigation Page. Three years of publication.

Dear friends,

At December 2014 I started the project TMJ Study and Investigation Page. At first, all its content was offered in three languages: Portuguese, English and Spanish. Due to the analysis of the webpage access statistics, at March 2015 I decided to offer the content solely in Portuguese and English.

Anyway, access to the contents of the page is still available to other researchers, professionals in the field and to those interested in the research that I develop.

Three years of publication

Nowadays, the medicine based on evidence is hierarchically stratified from top to bottom, where in the base of the pyramid we find the clinic cases, which are rarely seen as evidence.

The TMJ Study and Investigation Page had in its conception, the purpose of posting the clinic cases, which were carefully published with the documentation related to each of the patients treated at Clinica MY with pain complaints, dysfunction and TMJ pathology.

The proposition was of presenting these clinic cases and concepts in order share them, offering free access to the content along images, surface electromyographies, computerized kinesiography, scanned before and after the therapeutic process. Cases of tridimentional orthodontics and neuromuscular phisiologic reabilitation of the second phase of treatment, after the TMJ treatment, were also included.

FINAL

The TMJ Study and Investigation Page completed in the month of December, three years of life.

I remembered to celebrate on the first anniversary of the Page.

In the middle of the work with patients, teaching and publications I did not remember to celebrate the second year.

I want to celebrate these three years with you.

With this project, we have a place in the Internet that presents a line of work known as neuromuscular physiologic dentistry, which takes into account the whole body system. It is an area which acts on posture, mandibular functioning and considers the entire body system.

In order to do that, the neuromuscular physiologic dentistry aims to establish, in the patient, a position that is based on a harmonious relation between the muscles, the teeth, and the temporomandibular joints.

MARCUS LAZARI frontal E SAGITAL

In the publication of this year’s end I have chosen the most significant images of all these years of publications, with direct links to each of the original publications.

At the end of this publication I placed the links of the publications of the first year of this page.

3 ANOS DE PUBLICAÇÕES 2

The TMJ Study and Investigation Page  has grown tremendously and continues to receive visitors from all over the world.

Thank you!

Lidia Yavich

Temporomandibular Joint Pathology in a Patient with Congenital Fusion of two Cervical Vertebrae. First and Second Phase. Case Report.

33 FINAL

Postural Improvement in a Patient after Neuromuscular Physiological Mandible Repositioning Treatment. Patient with Scoliosis Surgery and Craniomandibular Symptomatology.

24

TMJ Pathologies Treatment: Patient with Severe Headaches and Temporomandibular Joint Pain with Significant Contour Irregularities in the Mandibular Condyle and Mouth Opening Limitation.

27 CEF COMPARATIVAS ingles

Reestablishment of the Bone Marrow Signal in a case of Avascular Necrosis of the Mandibular Head. Monitoring two years after treatment.

FRONTAL COMPARATIVAS ESQUERDA 2016

Neuromuscular Physiological Treatment in a Patient with Headache and Pain in the Temporomandibular Joints. Case report without possibility of Disc Recapture: first and second phase.

10 abre e fecha inicial

FINALE FINALE

TMJ Pathologies Treatment: Patient with Pain in the Back of the Head, Bilateral Tinnitus and Constant Teeth and Prosthesis Fracture. First and second phase. Case Report.

ITACIR COMBINADA

TMJ Pathologies Treatment: Patient with headache for 30 years. Neuromuscular Physiological Rehabilitation. First and second phase. Case Report.

1 FOTOS FRENTE

TMJ Pathology in Professional Musicians: A look beyond the risk factors. Physiological Neuromuscular Rehabilitation. First and second phase. Case Report.

HELLA

TMJ Study and Investigation Page. One year of publication

INITIAL

2

The TMJ Study and Investigation Page  has grown tremendously and continues to receive visitors from all over the world.

Thank you!

Lidia Yavich

TMJ Pathologies Treatment: Patient with Severe Headaches and Temporomandibular Joint Pain with Significant Contour Irregularities in the Mandibular Condyle and Mouth Opening Limitation.

In several publications of this page I have presented patients of different ages, different gender and different pathologies of the temporomandibular joints.

This is the second case report about a patient with prosthetic protocols built on implants.

I call once again the importance of  the attention in the diagnosis of temporomandibular joints pathologies and mandibular position as a key part of any procedure in dentistry.

1 FOTO INIC FRONTAL

Female patient 54 years old arrived to the clinic for consultation with severe headache complaints, pain in the temporomandibular joints, pain in the cervical spine, sore shoulders, ear pain, feeling of clogged ears and crepitation in both temporomandibular joints.

2 FOTO INICIAL PERFIL

The patient was referred by her dentist who performed the treatment of implants and prosthetics, rehabilitating the patient, but without being able to relieve the pain that afflicted her.

2A MARCAÇÃO DA DOR

Part of the questionnaire completed by the patient.

The patient reports daily pain.

FUNCTIONS THAT AGGRAVATE HER PAIN:

Mastication

Opening the mouth

Laughing

Yawning

The patient also refers back pain and numbness and tingling in the arms and fingers.

Refers that she wakes up with body aches.

3 DENTES INIC PROT FRONTAL

Patient habitual occlusion on the day of consultation.

The patient had fixed prostheses supported on implants on the lower jaw and a removable upper protocol supported on implants on the maxilla.

4 OCLUSAIS INICIAL PROTPatient’s superior and inferior oclusal view of the prostheses supported on implants on the day of consultation.

5 DENTE INICIAL SEM PROT

Image of the oral cavity of the patient without the upper prosthesis.

6 OCLUSAIS INIC SEM PROT

Patient’s superior and inferior oclusal view without the superior prostheses.

7 PANORAMICA INICIAL

Patient’s initial panoramic radiograph before treatment with the prosthesis in the habitual occlusion before treatment.

Presence of 4 metallic implants in the maxilla 2 on the right side and 2 on the left side; and 5 implants in the anterior mandible region.

8 LAMINOGRAFIA INCIAL

Patient’s TMJ right and left laminography, closed and open mouth: posterior positioning of the articular processes in the joint cavities when the jaw is in maximum intercuspation position.

9 TELE PERFIL INICIAL

Patient’s lateral radiograph with prosthesis in habitual occlusion.

10 C7 INICIAL

Patient’s lateral radiograph and cervical spine with prosthesis in habitual occlusion before treatment.

Alterations of the cervical spine, loss of physiological lordosis and loss of intervertebral spaces especially between the vertebrae C4, C5 and C6.cefalometria 2013 ingles

Ricketts cephalometric analysis before treatment with prostheses in habitual occlusion.

FACTORES CEF ANTESSS

Values of point A convexity and lower facial height before treatment.

11 FRONTAL INICIAL

Frontal radiograph of the patient with the prosthesis in habitual occlusion.

12 RNM DIREITA INICIAL

MRI, sagittal slice of the right TMJ closed mouth: there is an irregularity of contour with reduction of the superior aspect of the mandibular condyle, the condyle is ante versioned. There is a small anterior osteophyte.

The articular disc is displaced anteriorly, WITHOUT REDUCTION when the mouth opens.

Presence of subcortical bone cysts in the anterior superior aspect of the mandibular condyle.

13 RNM  ESQ  INICIAL

MRI, sagittal slice of the left TMJ closed mouth: there is a substantial irregularity of contour of the upper portion of the mandibular condyle, with the formation of an anterior osteophyte.

There is a rectification of the articular eminence.

The disc has reduced dimensions lying anteriorly displaced WITHOUT REDUCTION when the mouth opens.

Can be seen an important hipossinal compatible with avascular necrosis.

13A RNM  ESQ  INICIAL

MRI, another sagittal slice of the left TMJ closed mouth: there is an important  irregularity of contour of the superior aspect of the mandibular condyle and a formation of an anterior osteophyte.

There is a rectification of the articular eminence.

The disc has reduced dimensions lying anteriorly displaced WITHOUT REDUCTION when the mouth opens.

Can be seen an important hipossinal compatible with avascular necrosis.

16A  ESQ boca fechada 2013 T2

MRI in T2 clearly shows the joint effusion.

The differential diagnosis of TMJ effusion has a broad spectrum as the effusions in other joints in other parts of the skeleton.

MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) can give us a lot of information, not just the disc position.

14  RNM FRONTAIS INICIAIS DIR E ESQ-Recuperado

MRI, frontal section of the right and left TMJ, closed mouth. Upper lesion in the right mandibular condyle, as described in the same sagittal slice of the same condyle as subcortical bone cysts.

In the slice of the mandibular head on the left side can be seen an important hipossinal compatible with avascular necrosis.

Avascular necrosis occurs when blood flow to a bone is interrupted or reduced. It can be caused by various conditions, such as bone or joint damage, pressure inside the bone and other medical conditions.

The condyle affected by avascular necrosis has low signal on T1-weighted images as a result of edematous changes in trabecular bone.

14 SERIE DE RESS DIR FECHADA 2013

Sagittal sections of the right TMJ, closed mouth before the treatment.

There were previously posted to highlight the images I find most relevant, but also this series are registered.

14 SERIE DE RESS DIR ABERTA 2013

MRI,sagittal sections of the right TMJ, open mouth before the treatment. There is a limitation on opening of the mandibular condyle.

15  SERIE DE RESS ESQ FECH 2013

MRI, sagittal sections of the left TMJ, closed mouth before the treatment.

There were previously posted to highlight the images I find most relevant, but also this series are registered.

15 SERIE DE RESS ESQ ABERTA 2013

MRI,sagittal sections of the left TMJ, open mouth before the treatment. There is a limitation on opening of the mandibular condyle.

16 series ESQ boca fechada 2013 T2

MRI, T2 sagittal sections of the left TMJ, closed mouth before the treatment.

There were previously posted to highlight the image I find most relevant, but also this series are registered.

Serial in T2 clearly showing the joint effusion.

Tests were done on the patient to investigate systemic inflammatory disease, which were all negative.

It was also investigated chlamydia trachomatis infections, mycoplasma pneumoniae infections and beta hemolytic streptococcus infections , results in this case were also negative.

It was also investigated the functioning of the thyroid.

17 REGISTRO CINECIOGRAFICO INICIAL

The masticatory muscles of the patient were electronically deprogrammed and DIO (intraoral device) was constructed in neurophysiological position. In other publications computerized kinesiographic methods were mentioned.

In occlusion most often the healthy or pathological condition of the inter-oclusal space is not objectively considered. In this case the free space of the pathological patient is almost 7 mm and a retro position 0 8 mm.

18 DIO SOBRE A PROTESES

With this data and ALWAYS WITH THE INFORMATION OF IMAGES, we built a DIO (intraoral device) to keep the three-dimensionally recorded position.

This device must be tested electromyographically to objectively measure the patient.

19 CONTROLE DA ORTESE

It is essential to control the DIO (intra oral device) as the patient is treated and the mandible is repositioned.

In this case the control still shows us the need for recalibration of the DIO (intraoral device)

19 PANORAMICA COMPARATIVA

Comparative panoramic radiographs: before treatment and after neurophysiological treatment.

20 FRONTAIS COMPARATIVAS

Patient’s frontal radiographs comparison: with the prosthesis in habitual occlusion and the DIO intraoral device built on the prosthesis.

20 LAMINOGRAFIA COMPARATIVAS

Right and left temporomandibular joints laminographies, closed and open mouth comparison: with the prosthesis in habitual occlusion and with the DIO intraoral device built on the prosthesis.

cefalometria 2014 CORTADA ingles

Ricketts cephalometric analysis after treatment with the DIO constructed on the prostheses in neurophysiological occlusion.

FACTORES CEF APOSSS

Values of point A convexity and lower facial height after treatment.

21 PERFIS COMPARATIVOS

Patient’s lateral radiographs comparison: with the prosthesis in habitual occlusion and with the DIO built on the prosthesis in neurophysiological position.

The DIO (intra oral device) is used to support, align and correct deformities in order to improve the functions of the jaw, temporomandibular joints and the muscles that move both. This device should be checked and recalibrated as the records indicate the need for modification.

21A PERFIS COMPARATIVOS

Comparison of aesthetic Ricketts plane in lateral radiograph with prosthesis in habitual occlusion and the DIO constructed on the prosthesis in neurophysiological position.

21 RNM COMPARATIVAS ESQ SAGITAL

Comparison of T1-weighted images: before treatment and after treatment: we can see the improvement in medullary signal.

26 comparativas ESQ boca fechada 2013 e 2014T2

Comparison of T2-weighted images: before and after treatment. It is clear in the first image the inflammatory signal and in the other image the improvement of the intramedullary signal and the remission of posterior effusion.

22 RNM Comparativas direita sagital

Comparison of T1-weighted images: before treatment and after treatment, we can see the improvement in medullary signal and improvement of the cortical bone.

23 RNM Comparativas direita FRONTAL

Frontal T1-weighted images comparison, before and after treatment treatment: we can see the improvement of the upper lesion on the right mandibular condyle.

24 RNM Comparativas ESQUERDA FRONTAL

Frontal T1-weighted images comparison, before and after treatment: we can see the improvement in medullary signal and improvement of the cortical bone of the left mandibular condyle.

25 SERIE DE RESS DIR ABERTA 2013 e 2014 COMPARATIVAS

Comparative sagittal sections of the right TMJ open mouth, before and after treatment.

Notice the mandibular condyles WITHOUT LIMITATION IN OPENING  in relation to the limitation that had before treatment.

25 A SERIE DE RESS ESQ ABERTA 2013 e 2014 COMPARATIVAS

Comparative sagittal sections of the left TMJ open mouth, before and after treatment.

Notice the mandibular condyles WITHOUT LIMITATION IN OPENING  in relation to the limitation that had before treatment.

COMPARATIVAS FRONTAIS POSTURAIS

Patient’s postural frontal comparative images before and after treatment.

COMPARATIVAS POSTURAIS PERFIL

Patient’s  postural profile comparative images  before and after treatment.

27 CEF COMPARATIVAS ingles

Ricketts cephalometric analysis before and after neurophysiological treatment.

COMPARAÇAO DOS FATORES

Skeletal problems in Ricketts cephalometric analysis before and after treatment.

28 DEPOIMENTO

“Headache (already when waking up in the morning), tiredness sensation at the cheekbones, strong tensing at the shoulders and neck, “clicks” at the temporomandibular joint, ear pain… consequently I also felt irritation, indisposition, stress etc.

All of that is something I had to live with for a long time. The investigations made on me always resulted in palliative measures that mitigated the problem for a short time.

I passed through implants and placement of prostheses which even without having (those measurements) the aim of healing this malaise I still had the hope that it would: but the relief only worked for a short period of time. Finally, by indication of my dentist, I arrived at Clinic MY starting then the TMJ treatment. Shortly after the start of the treatment the symptoms started to fade.

I am very thankful for the professionalism and dedication that I found there. Today, feeling better, I go back there for periodic evaluations and also to have the opportunity of thanking  once more.”